Om att förstå en handling - från kausalanalys till normanalys


  • Håkan Hydén Lunds universitet



norm-analysis, power analysis, causal analysis


How to understand an action - from causal analysis to norm-analysis

In order to explain and understand actions, one has to find concepts that are sufficiently encompassing to make room for every aspect of underlying causes. Since norms govern and guide behaviour, whether it be social, economic, political/administrative or technical behaviour, the concept of “norm” has this capacity. In this article, the author argues for, and gives an exposition of, what he calls norm-analysis. Causal analysis is used as a point of contrast, and analyses of power as a point of departure, in elaborating the characteristics of normanalysis. It is argued that the proposed concept of “norm” has several advantages when it comes to understanding and explaining human action. The concept has three dimensions: (a) will and values, (b) knowledge and cognition, and (c) systemic possibilities for action. The three dimensions cover different aspects of human actions and behaviour, but the main point is that explanations of human action should be conceived in terms of a combinatory effect of these different dimensions. The norm model is not a theory but a kind of screening device in order to sort out relevant facts in a case. It thereby lays the foundation for a theory of action.




Referera så här

Hydén, Håkan. 2002. ”Om Att förstå En Handling - från Kausalanalys till Normanalys”. Sociologisk Forskning 39 (3-4):10-31.