Fattigdom i Ryssland: kontinuitet og endring

Författare

  • Erik Hansen Forskningsstiftelsen Fafo, Oslo

Nyckelord:

Russia, poverty, economic reform, living conditions

Abstract

Poverty in Russia: Continuity and Change

This article examines the relationship between economic reforms in Russia and the observed levels of poverty in the population. A review of poverty levels in the USSR reveals that the USSR had a significant poverty problem. Further, the article reviews the changes in poverty assessment methods during reform, and its consequences for estimates of poverty levels, which currently vary between 10 and 50 percent of the population. Russian poverty is seen as different from usual Western patterns, as neither employment nor education is sufficient to protect from poverty. Survey data reveal that whereas the numberof destitute may be relatively limited, more than half of all households have difficulties covering needs of a higher order. In a separate section, the disappearance of non-market personal networks as a source of consumer goods as a consequence of reform is discussed. Thereafter, the impact on poverty levels of the financial crisis in August 1998 is discussed. Social polices are seen as relatively inefficient due to their scope, which goes beyond poverty relief, but aims to shelter the population from adverse effects of the reform policies.

Publicerad

2000-01-01

Referera så här

Hansen, E. (2000) ”Fattigdom i Ryssland: kontinuitet og endring”, Sociologisk Forskning, 37(1), s. 22–45. Tillgänglig vid: https://sociologiskforskning.se/sf/article/view/19468 (åtkomstdatum: 15 maj 2021).

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