Klasspolitik och "nypolitik" under knapphet och globalisering:

Åtstramning av välfärdsstater i 18 länder 1975-1995


  • Walter Korpi Stockholms universitet
  • Joakim Palme Stockholms universitet


The relevance of socio-economic class and of class-related parties for policy making is a recurring issue in the social sciences. The “new politics” perspective holds that in the present era of austerity, class-based parties once driving welfare state expansion, have been superseded by powerful new interest groups of welfare state benefit recipients able to largely resist retrenchment pressures emanating from post-industrial forces.

We argue that retrenchment can fruitfully be analyzed as distributive conflict involving a remaking of the early postwar social contract based on the full employment welfare state, a conflict in which partisan politics and welfare state institutions are likely to matter. Pointing to problems of conceptualization and measurement of the dependent variable in previous research, we bring in new data on the extent of retrenchment in social rights and show that significant retrenchment has taken place in several countries. Our analyses demonstrate that partisan politics remains significant for these kinds of reversed changes, even when we take account of contextual factors, such as constitutional structures, economic factors and globalization.




Referera så här

Korpi, W. och Palme, J. (2003) ”Klasspolitik och ’nypolitik’ under knapphet och globalisering:: Åtstramning av välfärdsstater i 18 länder 1975-1995”, Sociologisk Forskning, 40(4), s. 45–85. Tillgänglig vid: https://sociologiskforskning.se/sf/article/view/19423 (åtkomstdatum: 19 juni 2021).